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Binomial Technology and Sustainability, Four Elements of Nature and Key Geostrategic Sectors

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Part of the Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals book series (ENUNSDG)


The term “geostrategy” was first coined by Frederick Schuman, an American historian, political scientist, and international relations scholar during the World War II period. The word was derived from the German term Wehrgeopolitik, as used by the German Karl Haushofer, which was instrumental in the expansionism mindset of Hitler’s Nazi Party (Bew 2016). Today, geostrategy is seen as a subarea of geopolitics, intrinsically connecting politics, geography, and economics in a globalized world.

The theory of the four elements of nature is believed to be created around 450 BC, in Greece. The ancient Greeks suggested that the Universe was made up of earth, water, air, and fire. Such realization came as an evolution of the Egyptian theory based on the Heliopolis creation myth (3100 BC), which Thales of Miletus (624–546 BC) studied, being the first Greek philosopher to initiate the study of Egyptian philosophy. Thales learned, according to Heliopolis creation myth and its...

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Correspondence to Diogo Almeida Alves .

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Alves, D.A. (2020). Binomial Technology and Sustainability, Four Elements of Nature and Key Geostrategic Sectors. In: Leal Filho, W., Azul, A., Brandli, L., Özuyar, P., Wall, T. (eds) Partnerships for the Goals. Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Springer, Cham.

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  • Print ISBN: 978-3-319-71067-9

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