Partnerships for the Goals

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience Through Partnership and Collaboration

  • Hock Lye Koh
  • Su Yean TehEmail author
Living reference work entry


Disaster risk arises when hazards interact with vulnerabilities. Hazard is defined as a potentially damaging physical event, phenomenon, or human activity that may cause the loss of life or injury, property damage, social and economic disruption, or environmental degradation. Hazards can include latent conditions that may represent future threats and can have different origins: natural (geological, hydrometeorological, and biological) or induced by human processes (environmental degradation and technological hazards). Vulnerability is defined as the conditions determined by physical, social, economic, and environmental factors or processes, which increase the susceptibility of a community to the impact of hazards (UNISDR 2005).

Resilience is defined as the capacity of a system, community, or society potentially exposed to hazards to adapt by resisting or changing in order to reach and maintain an acceptable level of functioning and structure. This is determined by the...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Jeffrey Sachs Center on Sustainable DevelopmentSunway UniversityBandar SunwayMalaysia
  2. 2.School of Mathematical SciencesUniversiti Sains MalaysiaPulau PinangMalaysia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Marco Tortora
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Economics and Management SciencesUniversity of FlorenceFlorenceItaly
  2. 2.PIN Prato. University of FlorenceLaboratorio Ambiente, Impresa, SocietàPratoItaly