Partnerships for the Goals

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Nature-Based Solutions

  • Raquel Antolin-LopezEmail author
  • Nieves Garcia-de-Frutos
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-71067-9_12-1

Definition

“Nature-based solutions” (NBS) is a concept that has been introduced in recent years to acknowledge and promote nature as a means to bring change and deliver effective solutions to current unsustainable societies. Specifically, NBS can be understood as actions and innovations inspired and supported by nature with the aim of helping societies to address pressing environmental, social, and economic challenges such as climate change, water scarcity, food security, or risk management. NBS follow biodiversity principles and emulate the time-tested patterns and processes of ecosystems for the benefit of both people and the planet. This is an interdisciplinary approach that can help to design products, materials, and strategies that can contribute to integrating the human species and the Earth’s natural processes.

Introduction

Human activity has reached a level that might imply irreversible ecological changes detrimental to human development (Eggermont et al. 2015). In recent...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to acknowledge the financial support from the Spanish Ministry of Economy, Industry, and Competition, the Agencia Nacional de Investigación (AEI), and the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF/FEDER, UE) (R&D Project ECO2015-66504).

References

  1. Aburto MO, de los Angeles-Carvajal M, Barr B et al (2012) Ecosystem-based management for the oceans. Island PressGoogle Scholar
  2. Cohen-Shacham E, Walters G, Janzen C et al (2016) Nature-based solutions to address global societal challenges. IUCN, Gland. https://portals.iucn.org/library/sites/library/files/documents/2016-036.pdf. Accessed 1 Apr 2018CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Covert J (2017) Planning for the implementation of SDG-14. Environ Policy Law 47(1):6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dudley N, Stolton S, Belokurov A et al (2010) Natural solutions: protected areas helping people cope with climate change. World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF), Gland. wwf.panda.org/about_our_earth/all_publications/?uNewsID=183021. Accessed 17 Apr 2018Google Scholar
  5. Eagles PFJ (1999) Nature-based tourism in terrestrial protected areas. In: Bolton S, Dudley N (eds) Partnerships for protection new strategies for planning and management for protected areas. Earthscan, London, pp 144–152Google Scholar
  6. Eggermont H, Balian E, Azevedo JMN et al (2015) Nature-based solutions: new influence for environmental management and research in Europe. GAIA-Ecol Perspect Sci Soc 24(4):243–248Google Scholar
  7. EC (2015) Towards an EU research and innovation policy agenda for nature-based solutions & re-naturing cities. Final report of the Horizon2020 expert group on nature-based solutions and re-naturing cities. European Commission, Brussels. Accessed 2 Apr 2018Google Scholar
  8. Faivre N, Fritz M, Freitas T et al (2017) Nature-based solutions in the EU: innovating with nature to address social, economic and environmental challenges. Environ Res 159:509–518CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Ferraro F, Etzion D, Gehman J (2015) Tackling grand challenges pragmatically: robust action revisited. Organ Stud 36(3):363–390CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fulton EA, Smith AD, Smith DC et al (2014) An integrated approach is needed for ecosystem based fisheries management: insights from ecosystem-level management strategy evaluation. PLoS One 9(1):e84242CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gallo PJ, Antolin-Lopez R, Montiel I (2018) Associative sustainable business models: cases in the bean-to-bar chocolate industry. J Clean Prod 174:905–916CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Geneletti D, Zardo L, Cortinovis C (2016) Promoting nature-based solutions for climate adaptation in cities through impact assessment. In: Handbook on biodiversity and ecosystem services in impact assessment. Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, pp 428–452CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. George G, Howard-Grenville J, Joshi A et al (2016) Understanding and tackling societal grand challenges through management research. Acad Manag J 59(6):1880–1895CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. IUCN (2009) No time to lose – make full use of nature-based solutions in the post-2012 climate change regime. Position paper on the fifteenth session of the conference of the parties to the United Nations framework convention on climate change (COP 15). International Union for the Conservation of Nature, GlandGoogle Scholar
  15. IUCN (2012) The IUCN programme 2013–2016. IUCN, Gland. http://cmsdata.iucn.org/downloads/iucn_programme_2013_2016.pdf. Accessed March 17 2018Google Scholar
  16. Kabisch N, Frantzeskaki N, Pauleit S et al (2016) Nature-based solutions to climate change mitigation and adaptation in urban areas: perspectives on indicators, knowledge gaps, barriers, and opportunities for action. Ecol Soc 21(2):39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Keesstra S, Nunes J, Novara A et al (2018) The superior effect of nature based solutions in land management for enhancing ecosystem services. Sci Total Environ 610:997–1009CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kelly C, Essex S, Glegg G (2012) Reflective practice for marine planning: a case study of marine nature-based tourism partnerships. Mar Policy 36(3):769–781CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Mackay S, Brown R, Gonelevu M et al (2018) Overcoming barriers to climate change information management in small island developing states: lessons from pacific SIDS. Clim Policy 1–14Google Scholar
  20. MacKinnon K, Hickey V (2009) Nature-based solutions to climate change. Oryx 43:13–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Maes J, Jacobs S (2015) Nature-based solutions for Europe’s sustainable development. Conserv Lett 10(1):121–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Mathews F (2011) Towards a deeper philosophy of biomimicry. Organ Environ 24(4):364–387CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Mercer J, Kelman I, Alfthan B et al (2012) Ecosystem-based adaptation to climate change in Caribbean small island developing states: integrating local and external knowledge. Sustainability 4(8):1908–1932CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Naumann S, Kaphengst T, McFarland K, Stadler J (2014) Nature-based approaches for climate change mitigation and adaptation. German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation. Accessed 18 Apr 2018Google Scholar
  25. Nesshöver C, Assmuth T, Irvine KN et al (2017) The science, policy and practice of nature-based solutions: an interdisciplinary perspective. Sci Total Environ 579(1):1215–1227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Neves JCL, Francke ICM (2012) Creative product design using biomimetics. WIT Trans Ecol Environ 160:149–155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Ocean Conference (2018). https://oceanconference.un.org/commitments/. Accessed 18 June 2018
  28. Potschin M, Kretsch C, Haines-Young R et al (2015) Nature-based solutions. OpenNESS ecosystem service reference book. OpenNESS Synthesis Paper. http://www.openness-project.eu/library/reference-book/sp-NBS. Accessed 30 Mar 2018
  29. Raymond CM, Berry P, Breil M et al (2017) An impact evaluation framework to support planning and evaluation of nature-based solutions projects. Report prepared by the EKLIPSE expert working group on nature-based solutions to promote climate resilience in urban areas. Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, Wallingford. Accessed 2 Apr 2018Google Scholar
  30. Santiago-Fink H (2016) Human-nature for climate action: nature-based solutions for urban sustainability. Sustainability 8(3):254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Scholz G (2017) From MDGs to SDGs in Azerbaijan: the way to sustainability and inclusion. Center for Economic & Social Development (CESD) paper seriesGoogle Scholar
  32. Steiner A (2017) Investing in innovative nature-based solutions. http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/news-centre/speeches/2017/investing-in-innovative-nature-based-solutions.html. Accessed 20 June 2018
  33. UN (2018) The sustainable development goals report 2017. United Nations, New York. Accessed 15 Apr 2018Google Scholar
  34. van den Bosch M, Sang ÅO (2017) Urban natural environments as nature-based solutions for improved public health–a systematic review of reviews. Environ Res 158:373–384CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Vasseur L, Horning D, Thornbush M et al (2017) Complex problems and unchallenged solutions: bringing ecosystem governance to the forefront of the UN sustainable development goals. Ambio 46(7):731–742CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Wood SL, Jones SK, Johnson JA et al (2018) Distilling the role of ecosystem services in the sustainable development goals. Ecosyst Serv 29:70–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. World Bank (2008) Biodiversity, climate change, and adaptation: nature-based solutions from the World Bank portfolio. World Bank, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  38. WWAP (United Nations World Water Assessment Programme)/UN-Water (2018) The United Nations World Water Development Report 2018: nature-based solutions for water. UNESCO, Paris. Accessed 15 Apr 2018Google Scholar
  39. WWF (2016) Living planet report 2016: risk and resilience in a new era. WWF International, Gland. Accessed 18 Apr 2018Google Scholar
  40. Xing Y, Jones P, Donnison I (2017) Characterisation of nature-based solutions for the built environment. Sustainability 9(1):149CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Economics and Business AdministrationUniversity of AlmeriaAlmeriaSpain

Section editors and affiliations

  • Monica Thiel
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Public Administration and School of Business AdministrationUniversity of International Business and Economics & China University of PetroleumBeijingChina