Life on Land

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Amanda Lange Salvia, Tony Wall

Planted Forests: Characterization and Sustainable Management

Living reference work entry



Planted forests are predominantly composed of trees established through planting and/or through deliberate seeding of native or introduced species. Establishment is either through afforestation on land which has not carried forest within living memory or by reforestation of previously forested land (FAO 2010a).

The concept of planted forests covers a continuum of forest conditions, from mixture of native species planted or seeded for biodiversity enhancement on the one side to the monoculture forest plantations on the other side of the spectra (Zhang and Stanturf 2008; Ivetić and Vilotić 2014). This continuum is due to various economic, social, cultural, and environmental contexts that influence policy objectives and management practices for planted forests in different countries (FAO 2010b). Planted forests are characterized by a human manipulation of stand genetic by use of...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of ForestryUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Anabela Marisa Azul
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Neuroscience and Cell BiologyUniversity of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal