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Community-Based Natural Resources Management

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Life on Land

Part of the book series: Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals ((ENUNSDG))


Community-Based Natural Resources Management (CBNRM) is viewed as a decentralized, self-regulated, and localized system that is supposed to address the issues of centralized resource management. Centralized systems are mostly seen as being detached from local or rural life and dominated by elite and bureaucrats operating in a top-down fashion (Musavengane and Simatele 2016). CBNRM may be based on a conservation science or driven by social values. Regardless of the approach, its goal is to achieve both livelihood and conservation goals. It could be framed around a single species of animals or at the ecosystem level. Most of the programs are either created to manage forests or manage wildlife. The heart of CBNRM is the community, which is the basic unit of the program. Therefore, a clear definition and understanding of the concept is key to the success or failure of the programs implemented under CBNRM (Twyman 2017). It is defined as,

a process by which landholders gain access...

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Correspondence to Krishna Roka .

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Roka, K. (2019). Community-Based Natural Resources Management. In: Leal Filho, W., Azul, A., Brandli, L., Özuyar, P., Wall, T. (eds) Life on Land. Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Springer, Cham.

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  • Print ISBN: 978-3-319-71065-5

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