Climate Action

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Climate Change Effects on Human Rights

  • Irene AntonopoulosEmail author
Living reference work entry


The climate change effects on human rights are the consequences of climate change and climate change adaptation strategies on the enjoyment of human rights as guaranteed by International Human Rights Instruments. Climate change affects the natural environment primarily. But human rights analysis focuses on the anthropocentric interests to these environmental changes: how does climate change affect human rights. The traditional notion of human rights suggests that individuals should be protected by state interference with the enjoyment of their fundamental human rights. In the case of climate change, human rights are under a threat due to a global environmental phenomenon, creating a challenge over imposing state duties to protect the affected human rights. Although the link between climate change and human rights is evident, there is little legal response that will efficiently address the protection of the rights of affected people amidst climate change effects.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Leicester De Montfort Law SchoolDe Montfort UniversityLeicesterUK

Section editors and affiliations

  • Anabela Marisa Azul
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Neuroscience and Cell BiologyUniversity of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal