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Public and Green Spaces in the Context of Sustainable Development

Part of the Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals book series (ENUNSDG)


Green areas; Green infrastructures


Public and green spaces are open areas and where the land is partly or completely covered with grass, trees, water sources, shrubs, or other types of vegetation. The typologies of public and green spaces are defined in accordance with a variety of criteria, such as size, facilities, or distance from the residential areas. In the scope of United Nations 2030 Agenda, public and green spaces play a vital role in the promotion of cities’ sustainability and citizens’ well-being, namely, in the connection between human and nature and also in the multiple benefits to human and environmental health. The access to public and green spaces with quality should be ensured by the local and central authorities in order to promote healthy and resilient cities, understood by the World Health Organization as a universal right.


In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries when cities and urban centers started to grow in number and density,...

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Correspondence to Diogo Guedes Vidal .

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Vidal, D.G., Barros, N., Maia, R.L. (2020). Public and Green Spaces in the Context of Sustainable Development. In: Leal Filho, W., Azul, A., Brandli, L., Özuyar, P., Wall, T. (eds) Sustainable Cities and Communities. Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Springer, Cham.

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  • Print ISBN: 978-3-319-71061-7

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