Sustainable Cities and Communities

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Food Security

  • Issa Ibrahim Berchin
  • Wellyngton Silva de Amorim
  • José Baltazar Salgueirinho Osório de Andrade GuerraEmail author
Living reference work entry



The definition of food security within the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) is based on the statement from the Rome Declaration on World Food Security and the World Food Summit Plan of Action: FAO’s formal definition of food security is “when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life” (FAO 1996).

Aiming to ensure food security for all, at all times, the World Food Summit (FAO 1996) declared seven commitments:
  • We will ensure an enabling political, social, and economic environment designed to create the best conditions for the eradication of poverty and for durable peace, based on full and equal participation of women and men, which is most conducive to achieving sustainable food security for all.

  • We will implement policies aimed at eradicating poverty and inequality and...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Issa Ibrahim Berchin
    • 1
  • Wellyngton Silva de Amorim
    • 1
  • José Baltazar Salgueirinho Osório de Andrade Guerra
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Research Center for Energy Efficiency and Sustainability (Greens)Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina (Unisul)FlorianópolisBrazil
  2. 2.Cambridge Centre for Environment, Energy and Natural Resource Governance (C-EENRG), Department of Land EconomyUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK

Section editors and affiliations

  • Samuel Borges Barbosa
    • 1
  1. 1.Federal University of ViçosaRio ParanaíbaBrazil