Active Modes and Sustainability

Living reference work entry



Active mobility modes are all modes of transportation that involve physical activity and do not require the use of motorized vehicles. Although active modes of mobility include walking, jogging, running, bicycling, small-wheeled transport (skates, skateboards, push scooters, and hand carts, among others – also referred to as micro-mobility), and wheelchair travel, the designation active modes refers commonly to walking and biking.

Active modes are a crucial component of sustainable urban mobility development because (i) they are more energy and environmentally efficient, as they are human-powered; (ii) they promote health as they involve physical activity; (iii) they are socially active, as walking and cycling are often related to collective and socializing activities; and (iv) they are inclusive, since they are free or cheaper transportation modes facilitating the access of people to...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CERISInstituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de LisboaLisbonPortugal

Section editors and affiliations

  • Heather Jones
    • 1
  1. 1.CERIS Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de LisboaLisbonPortugal