Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Living Standards

Reexamining the Standard of Living of the People of the Southwest Coastal Areas of Bangladesh: Evidences from the Sustainable Development Goal 9
  • Sajal RoyEmail author
Living reference work entry


The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are considered a blueprint to achieve a better, peaceful, and sustainable future for the world. Sustainable development cannot be achieved without ensuring an improved standard of living (SL) for individuals. Bangladesh has achieved significant progress in poverty alleviation, food security, primary school enrolment, gender parity in primary and secondary level education, lowering the infant and under-five mortality rate and maternal mortality ratio, improving immunization coverage, and reducing the incidence of communicable diseases in the recent past decades. Such achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) confirms the strong commitment of the Government of Bangladesh (GoB) towards the implementation of 17 goals for the sustainable development. According to the SDG Index (2018), between 2015 and 2018, globally, Bangladesh ranks 111 out of 156 countries for achieving targets of SDGs (Source:

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Ahsan M (2013) Coastal zone of Bangladesh: fisheries resources and it’s potentials. Lambert Academic Publishing, GermanyGoogle Scholar
  2. Asfar R (1999) Is migration transferring rural poverty to urban areas? an analysis of longitudinal survey data of Dhaka city. In: Changes and determinants of urban poverty’ workshop. Grameen Trust, Grameen Bank, DhakaGoogle Scholar
  3. Asian Development Bank (2016) Bangladesh country diagnostics study: consolidating export-led growth. Asian Development Bank, PhilippinesGoogle Scholar
  4. (2017a) Mobile phone users in Bangladesh top 140 million. Accessed 5 Sept 2018
  5. (2017b) Bangladesh lags behind its peers in progress report on Sustainable Development Goals. Accessed 3 Sept 2018
  6. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS) (1991) Population census–1991. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Ministry of Planning, DhakaGoogle Scholar
  7. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS) (2001) Population census–2001. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Ministry of Planning, DhakaGoogle Scholar
  8. Bangladesh. General Economic Division (GED) (2017) Bangladesh voluntary national review 2017: eradicating poverty and promoting prosperity in a changing world. General Economics Division, Planning Commission, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. Accessed 6 Sept 2018
  9. Bangladesh. Ministry of Water Resources (2005) Coastal zone policy. http:\ Accessed 2 Sept 2018
  10. Bangladesh. Ministry of Finance (2017), Bangladesh economic review 2017. Accessed 6 Sept 2018
  11. Berenger V, Verdier-Chouchane A (2007) Multidimensional measures of well-being: standard of living and quality of life across countries. World Dev 35(7):1259–1276. Scholar
  12. Elahi KM, Rogge J (1990) Riverbank erosion, flood, and population displacement in Bangladesh: a report on the Riverbank Erosion Impact Study. Riverbank Erosion Impact Study, Jahangirnagar University, DhakaGoogle Scholar
  13. Hossain AK, Badr O (2007) Prospects of renewable energy utilisation for electricity generation in Bangladesh. Renewable and Sustainable Energey Reviews. 11(8):1617–1649CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Human Development Report (HDR) (2016) Human Development for Everyone. British Library and Library of Congress, Canada., accessed 2 June 2018
  15. Investopedia (2018) Standard of living. Accessed 8 Sept 2018
  16. IPCC (2014) Climate change 2014: impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability. Part A: global and sectoral aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Accessed 5 Sept 2018
  17. Mallick B (2011) Migration as an adaptation strategy and its consequences on coastal society: experience from Bangladesh. Working Paper of the Center on Migration, Citizenship and Development. Accessed 3 Sept 2018
  18. Mallick B, Wittee S, Sarker R, Mahboob A, Vogt J (2009) Local adaptation strategies of a coastal community during cyclone Sidr and their vulnerability analysis for sustainable distaste mitigation planning. J Bangladesh Inst Planner 2:158–168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Maplecroft (2014) The climate change vulnerability index 2014. Accessed 5 Sept 2018
  20. Mearns R, Norton A (eds) (2010) Social dimensions of climate change: equity and vulnerability in a warming world. The World Bank, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  21. Nasreen M, Hossain K, Azad A (2013) Climate change and livelihood in Bangladesh: experiences of people living in coastal regions. In: Proceedings of International Conference on Building Resilience, pp 1–25. Accessed 3 Sept 2018
  22. Parvin G, Ahsan DSMR, Shaw R (2010) Community-based coastal zone management in Bangladesh. In: Shaw R, Krishnamurthy RR (eds) Communities and coastal zone management. Research Publishing Services, Singapore and Chennai, pp 165–184Google Scholar
  23. Pervin M (2013) Mainstreaming climate change resilience into development planning in Bangladesh. IIED country report. IIED, LondonGoogle Scholar
  24. Rahman MS (2013) Climate change, disaster and gender vulnerability: a study on two divisions of Bangladesh. Am J Hum Ecol 2(2):72–82Google Scholar
  25. Ribot JC (2010) Vulnerability does not just fall from the sky: toward multi-scale pro-poor climate policy. In: Mearns R, Norton A (eds) Social dimensions of climate change: equity and vulnerability in a warming world. The World Bank, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  26. Roy S (2018) ‘Livelihood resilience of the indigenous Munda community in the Bangladesh Sundarbans forest’ in: WL. Filho and D. Ayal (eds.). Handbook of Climate Change Resilience. Springer Nature, Germany, pp.1-22. Accessed 2 June 2019Google Scholar
  27. Roy S (2019) Climate Change Impacts on Gender Relations in Bangladesh: Socio-environmental struggles of the Shora forest community in the Sundarbans Mangrove Forest. Springer Nature, Singapore. Accessed 2 June 2019CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Stern N (2007) The economics of climate change: the stern review. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Torikul MH, Farjana S, Mujtaba SM (2015) Climate change, natural disaster and vulnerability to occupational changes in coastal region of Bangladesh. J Geogr Nat Disast 5:134. Scholar
  30. Uddin MS (2011) Economic valuation of Sundarbans mangrove ecosystem service – a case study in Bangladesh. Lambert Academic Publishing, GermanyGoogle Scholar
  31. United Nations Economic and Social Council (2017) Progress towards the sustainable development goals. Accessed 5 Sept 2018
  32. United Nations (2018) Goal 9: build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation. Accessed 6 Sept 2018
  33. UNDP (2002) Human development report. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  34. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (2018) Sustainable development goals. Accessed 8 Sept 2018
  35. USAID (2016) USAID/Bangladesh comprehensive risk and resilience assessment (2016).
  36. Voluntary National Review (VNR) (2017) Improving living standards through mainstreaming of sustainable development goals into the national development policy in Tajikistan. Accessed 3 Sept 2018
  37. World Bank (2002) World development indicators. World Bank, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Culture and Society, Building EM, Parramatta South CampusWestern Sydney UniversitySydneyAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Gender and Development StudiesBegum Rokeya University, Rangpur (BRUR)RangpurBangladesh

Section editors and affiliations

  • Leah A Dundon

There are no affiliations available