Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Autonomous Vehicles and Their Implications to Society

  • Olga PetrikEmail author
Living reference work entry



An autonomous vehicle is one that can drive itself without human conduction. The automation can be partial, when the automated system of the vehicle can conduct some parts of the driving tasks, or full, when the vehicle can perform all driving tasks under all conditions (geographic area, roadway type, traffic, weather, events/incidents) that a human driver could perform them.

Autonomous, automated, driverless, self-driving, robotic vehicles are the terms which are usually used interchangeably. However, there is a slight difference between “automated” and “autonomous” terms. As Wood et al. 2012suggested, “‘Automated’ connotes control or operation by a machine, while “autonomous” connotes acting alone or independently”. While the term “automated” is more precise for the most of the existing today projects, the term “autonomous” is more widespread and is usually used to refer to both autonomous and...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Transport Forum (ITF) at the OECDParisFrance

Section editors and affiliations

  • Heather Jones
    • 1
  1. 1.CESUR, Center for Urban and Regional Systems, Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Instituto Superior TécnicoUniversity of LisbonLisbonPortugal