Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Impact of Climate Change on Infrastructure

  • Wei-Shiuen NgEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-71059-4_10-1

Definitions

Climate change impacts are the consequences of climate change for natural and human systems (Burkett et al. 2014). Many natural systems are affected by regional climate change, particularly temperature increases. Observed impacts include sea level rise; changes in snow, ice, and permafrost; effects on hydrological systems, including precipitation, floods and droughts, tropical cyclones, storms, and wave heights; changes on terrestrial biological systems; changes in marine and freshwater biological systems associated with rising water temperatures and stratification; and ocean changes in ice cover, salinity, acidity, oxygen levels, and circulation (Burkett et al. 2014; Revi et al. 2014). These physical impacts of climate change have different implications for different cities, regions, and countries across the world. They also pose various challenges to multiple sectors, such as energy, water, or food supply, transport, sanitation, and telecommunications, each with its own...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Transport Studies UnitUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK
  2. 2.International Transport Forum (ITF)Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)ParisFrance

Section editors and affiliations

  • Heather Jones
    • 1
  1. 1.CESUR, Center for Urban and Regional Systems, Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Instituto Superior TécnicoUniversity of LisbonLisbonPortugal