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Extraction Rates and the Environmental Impacts of Economic Growth in the Twenty-First Century

Part of the Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals book series (ENUNSDG)


Global material flows; Material footprint; Raw material extraction


Domestic material consumption (DMC) is the amount of materials used in a national economy during the total economic process. It is a standard material flow accounting indicator to measure production in the domestic economy.

Extraction Rates


The twentieth century was a period of tremendous development and technological advancement for humanity. Marvels in infrastructure, technology, and transportation revolutionized the way we experienced the world around us. Poverty levels dramatically decreased, and a greater proportion of people had the opportunity to achieve improved standards of living. As a result, the cost to maintain and improve the global standard of living was borne by the most precious asset known to human: nature. Upkeeping the rising consumption demands as a result of this spike, has put enormous pressures on the environment. The acquisition of fossil fuels, metals,...

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Correspondence to Brian Matthews .

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Matthews, B., Dall’Orsoletta, F. (2020). Extraction Rates and the Environmental Impacts of Economic Growth in the Twenty-First Century. In: Leal Filho, W., Azul, A., Brandli, L., Özuyar, P., Wall, T. (eds) Decent Work and Economic Growth. Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Springer, Cham.

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  • Print ISBN: 978-3-319-71058-7

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-319-71058-7

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