Affordable and Clean Energy

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Amanda Lange Salvia, Tony Wall

Available Energy: Powering the Energetic and Societal Needs of Sustainable Communities

Living reference work entry


Societal Needs

Any society, rural or city, small or large, has fundamental needs that need to be met if this society and its members is a healthy community, prospering, and being resilient. These needs include healthy and sufficient food (SDG 2), good shelter and housing for all (as part of SDFG 1), healthcare and a healthy environment (SDG 3), sufficient education for all (SDG 4), and a safe society for all (SDG 5 and SDG 16).

Available Energy

In a longer perspective, all available energy for humanity will be renewable again. The amount of renewable energy that can be harvested in a specific region depends on many factors. What can be harvested is usually summarized over a year, as this takes into account the dominating cycles and time frame for all kinds of harvesting activities. Available energy is here understood as the maximum amount of energy that can be safely harvested without endangering the long-term possibility to harvest in the future, i.e., without destroying...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hochschule DarmstadtFachbereich Maschinenbau und KunststofftechnikDarmstadtGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • Elisa Conticelli
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ArchitectureAlma Mater Studiorum – University of BolognaBolognaItaly