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Beck Depression Inventory

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Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research

Synonyms

BDI-II; Beck inventory

Definition

The Beck Depression InventorySecond Edition (BDI-II) is a 21-item self-report measure designed to measure severity of depression consistent with symptoms of depression as presented in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental DisordersFourth Edition (DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association 1994) in both adolescents aged 13 years and older and adults (Beck et al. 1996).

Description

Overview

The BDI-II is a well-recognized self-report measure designed to measure severity of depression consistent with symptoms of depression as presented in the DSM-IV (American Psychiatric Association 1994). There are 21 items on the BDI-II; each item references a symptom (e.g., sadness) and typically contains four statements from which respondents choose the statement that best reflects the severity of the symptom for them over the past two weeks. The BDI-II can be used with both adolescents aged 13 years and older and adults (Beck et al. 1996).

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Correspondence to Anita M. Hubley .

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Hubley, A.M. (2022). Beck Depression Inventory. In: Maggino, F. (eds) Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-69909-7_156-2

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