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Holistic Thinking and the Worldviews-Based Learning Framework

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Part of the Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals book series (ENUNSDG)

Synonyms

Critical thinking; Integrated thinking; Planetary thinking; Systemic thinking; Transdisciplinary thinking

Definition

Holistic thinking has been broadly defined as a pattern of thought that usually focuses on the whole rather than the parts. The key motivation behind this thinking style is that understanding the behavior of the whole can’t be achieved by looking separately at the behavior of each of the parts but rather from observing their interactions (Jackson 2006; Miller 2009).

One of the main challenges inherent to this thinking style is the clear identification of what is a whole and what is a part; everything around seems to be both wholes and parts at the same time (Jackson 2006). An animal may be perceived as a whole integrated by the circulatory, respiratory, and musculoskeletal parts; simultaneously, the holistic approach would perceive that same animal as a part of a more complex whole like an ecosystem, interacting with other multiple parts, in highly complex ways.

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Correspondence to Emilia de la Sienra .

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de la Sienra, E. (2020). Holistic Thinking and the Worldviews-Based Learning Framework. In: Leal Filho, W., Azul, A., Brandli, L., Özuyar, P., Wall, T. (eds) Quality Education. Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-69902-8_6-1

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-69902-8_6-1

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