Encyclopedia of Security and Emergency Management

Living Edition
| Editors: Lauren R. Shapiro, Marie-Helen Maras

Natural Hazards: Hurricanes, Cyclones, and Typhoons

  • Gary A. GordonEmail author
  • Richard R. Young
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-69891-5_88-1


Hurricanes and typhoons are tropical cyclones with different origins and areas of impact. They are meteorological natural disasters that have significant impacts, could have cascading effects, and could be exploited for terror purposes.


Hurricanes, cyclones, and typhoons in the context of security and emergency management go beyond a simple definition. They must be looked at not just from the physical characteristics and potential devastation, but holistically with regard to cascading events, resiliency, and homeland security impacts.

Simply, hurricanes are tropical cyclones that originate in the Atlantic Basin (typically the Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea, and Gulf of Mexico) and the eastern and central North Pacific Ocean. Typhoons are tropical cyclones typically in the Northwest Pacific. Tropical cyclonenomenclature is typically used for storms that are in the South Pacific and Indian Ocean. Hence, geographical location determines what the storm is called...


Natural disasters Hurricanes, cyclones, and typhoons Emergency preparedness and management Cascading effects Homeland security Mitigation 
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Brenda Phillips, D. N. (2017). Introduction of emergency management (2nd ed.). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press/Taylor & Francis Group.Google Scholar
  2. Cleary, T. (2017, August 27). Houston rainfall totals for Hurricane Harvey. Retrieved from Heavy.com: https://heavy.com/news/2017/08/houston-rain-rainfall-totals-harvey-amount-flooding-august-27-today/
  3. Energy Sector. (2018, September 12). Retrieved from DHS: https://www.dhs.gov/energy-sector
  4. FEMA. (2013). IS-230, Fundamentals of emergency management.Google Scholar
  5. Halverson, J. (2013, October 29). Superstorm Sandy: Unraveling the mystery of a meteorological oddity. The Washington Post.Google Scholar
  6. Landsea, C. (2011, November). Hurricanes and global warming. Retrieved from NOAA: www.aoml.noaa.gov/hrd/Landsea/gw_hurricanes/index.html
  7. Liberto, T. D. (2018, March 14). Climate.gov. Retrieved from https://www.climate.gov/print/831355
  8. Marris, E. (2006). New Orleans cleared of ‘toxic soup’ scenario. Nature: International Journal of Science. Published online on: 15 Sep 2006Google Scholar
  9. NHC. (2018, July 27). Retrieved from Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale: https://www.nhc.noaa.gov/aboutsshws.php
  10. NOAA. (2018, July 17). Retrieved from What is the difference between a hurricane and a typhoon?: https://oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/cyclone.html
  11. NWS. (2018, September 12). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved from https://www.nhc.noaa.gov/
  12. Pereria, S. (2018, January 3). Are bomb cyclones real? The difference between a Nor’Easter, Blizzard and a Winter Hurricane. Newsweek.Google Scholar
  13. Rick Jervis, D. R. (2017, August 28). Release of reservoir water could affect thousands in Houston area. USA Today.Google Scholar
  14. Rogers, A. (2017, August 31). With Harvey, imperfect engineering meets a perfect storm. Science.Google Scholar
  15. Thomas Knutson, R. T. (2004). Induced warming on simulated hurricane intensity and precipitation: sensitivity to choice of climate model and convective paramaterization. Journal of Climate, 17(18):3477–3495CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. University of Rhode Island. (2018, September 12). Retrieved from Hurricanes: Science and Society: http://www.hurricanescience.org/science/forecast/

Further Reading

  1. Conger, J. (2018, November 1). Hurricane Florence’s impacts on military installations and missions in the Southeast. The Center for Climate and Security. https://climateandsecurity.org/
  2. FEMA. (2018). Natural disasters. https://www.dhs.gov/natural-disasters
  3. International Air Transport Association. (2017, November). Assessment of Hurricane Irma and Maria’s impacts on aviation. https://www.iata.org/publications/economics/Reports/Impact-of-Hurricanes-Irma-and-Maria.pdf.
  4. International Atomic Energy Agency. (2018). Fukushima Daiichi Status Updates. https://www.iaea.org/newscenter/focus/fukushima/status-update
  5. NHC. (2018). Storm Surge overview. https://www.nhc.noaa.gov/surge/
  6. Young, R., Gordon, G., & Plant, J. (2017). Chapter 10 Emergency or incident response, operations, and security. In Railway security: Protecting against manmade and natural disasters. New York: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Emergency Management DepartmentMassachusetts Maritime AcademyBuzzards BayUSA
  2. 2.School of Business Administration, Capital CollegeThe Pennsylvania State UniversityMiddletownUSA