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Business Continuity Plan

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ISO 22301 defines the business continuity plan as “documented procedures that guide organizations to respond, recover, resume, and restore to a pre-defined level of operation following disruption.”


Business continuity is the practice of preplanning for disruptive events that could negatively impact an organization and its stakeholders. It provides a framework for timely recovery of operations following a disruption that minimizes the negative impacts. Business continuity planning (BCP) is similar to Continuity of Operations Planning (COOP). COOP is used in the public sector for continuity of government whereas BCP is generally used by the private sector. According to NFPA (2019) “the most significant difference between BCP and COOP lies with objectives and the definition of critical or essential functions and how demand for public sector essential services could change during an incident”. The business continuity plan provides a playbook designed to guide...


  • Business continuity management (BCM)
  • Business continuity plan (BCP)
  • Business impact analysis

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Correspondence to Malcolm B. Reid .

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Reid, M.B. (2019). Business Continuity Plan. In: Shapiro, L., Maras, MH. (eds) Encyclopedia of Security and Emergency Management. Springer, Cham.

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  • Print ISBN: 978-3-319-69891-5

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