Good Health and Well-Being

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Tony Wall, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar

Health Promotion in the Implementation of SDG

  • Andréia Faraoni Freitas SettiEmail author
Living reference work entry


Health promotion (HP) is a comprehensive social and political process. It embraces actions not only dedicated to strengthening the skills and capabilities of individuals but also directed at changing social, environmental, and economic conditions to alleviate their impact on public and individual health. Health promotion is the process of enabling people to better control the determinants of health and, thereby, improve their health. Participation is essential to sustain health promotion actions (WHO 1998a).

Health promotion is based on an integral perspective of the health-disease process and focuses on addressing social conditioning factors and determinants of health such as housing, sanitation, working conditions, health and education services, as well as social and community networks that positively impact the quality of life (WHO 2017).

Social determinants of health (SDH) are “conditions in which people are born, grow, work, live, and age, and the wider set of forces...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Almlund P, Holm J (2015) Post Rio and Ottawa policy – health promotion and sustainable development compared. J Transdiscipl Environ Stud 14:19–35Google Scholar
  2. Ayo N (2012) Understanding health promotion in a neoliberal climate and the making of health conscious citizens. Crit Public Health 22:99–105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bryant T (2002) Role of knowledge in public health and health promotion policy change. Health Promot Int 17(1):89–98. Scholar
  4. Buss P (2003) Uma introdução ao conceito de promoção da saúde. In: Czeresnia D, Freitas CM (eds) Promoção da saúde: conceitos, reflexões, tendências. Fiocruz, Rio de Janeiro, pp 15–38Google Scholar
  5. Castelo RA (2013) O social-liberalismo: auge e crise da supremacia burguesa na era neoliberal. Expressão Popular, São PauloGoogle Scholar
  6. Castiel LD (2004) Promoção de saúde e a sensibilidade epistemológica da categoria comunidade. Rev Saúde Pública 38(5):615–622. São PauloCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Correia MVC, de Medeiros SM (2014) As bases da Promoção da Saúde nas Conferências Internacionais e a Reforma Sanitária brasileira: concepção do processo saúde e doença em questão. In: Vasconcelos KEL, Costa MDC (eds) Por uma crítica da Promoção da Saúde: contradições e potencialidades no contexto do SUS. Hucitec, CampinasGoogle Scholar
  8. Czeresnia D (2009) Conceito de saúde e a diferença entre prevenção e promoção. In: de Freitas CM (ed) Promoção da Saúde: conceitos, reflexões, tendências. Editora Fiocruz, Rio de JaneiroCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Duhl LJ (1963) The healthy city: its function and its future. Health Promot Int 1:55–60.
  10. Gallo E, Setti AFF (2014) Território, intersetorialidade e escalas: requisitos para a efetividade dos Objetivos de Desenvolvimento Sustentável. Rev. Ciência & Saúde Coletiva.
  11. Greer SL, Hervey TK, Mackenbach JP, McKee M (2013) Health law and policy in the European Union. Lancet.
  12. Hall PA (1993) Policy paradigms, social learning, and the state: the case of economic policymaking in Britain. Comp Polit 25:275–296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hancock T (1993) Health, human development and the community ecosystem: three ecological models. Health Promot Int 8(1):41–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hancock T (1999) Health care reform and reform for health: creating a health system for communities in the 21st century. Futures 31:417–436CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Health Promotion Agency for Northern Ireland (HPA) (2004) What is health promotion? Available in:
  16. Jelsøe E, Thualagant N, Holm J, Kjærgård B, Andersen HM, From DM, Land B, Pedersen KB (2018) A future task for health-promotion research: integration of health promotion and sustainable development. Scand J Public Health 46(20_suppl):99–106. Scholar
  17. Kickbusch I (2003) The contribution of the World Health Organization to a new public health and health promotion. Am J Public Health 93(3):383–388; Available in: Scholar
  18. Kickbusch I (2007) Health governance: the health society. In: McQueen DV, Kickbusch I, Potvin L et al (eds) Health and modernity. The role of theory in health promotion. Springer, New York, pp 144–161Google Scholar
  19. Kickbusch I (2010) Triggering debate – white paper: the food system – a prism of present and future challenges for health promotion and sustainable development. Health Promotion Switzerland, SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar
  20. Labonte R (1993) Centre for health promotion. University of Toronto, TorontoGoogle Scholar
  21. Lalonde M (1974) A new perspective on the health of Canadians. Health and Welfare, OttawaGoogle Scholar
  22. LeavelL H, Clark EG (1965) Preventive medicine for the doctor in his community. Macgraw Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  23. Macdonald TH (1998) Rethinking health promotion. A global approach. Routledge, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Marmot M (2005) Social determinants of health inequalities. Lancet 365:1099–1104. Scholar
  25. Meresman S, Rice M, Vizzotti C, Frassia R, Vizzotti P, Akerman M (2010) Contributions for repositioning a regional strategy for healthy municipalities, cities and communities (HM&C): results of a Pan-American survey. J Urban Health 87(5):740–754CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. OPAS (2005) Municipios y Comunidades Saludables. La evaluación participativa de los Municipios y Comunidades Saludabels: recursos prácticos para La acción. Organización Panamericana de la Salud, LimaGoogle Scholar
  27. Pedersen KB, Land B, Kjærgård B (2015) Duality of health promotion and sustainable development – perspectives on food waste reduction strategies. J Transdiscipl Environ Stud 14(2):5–18. DenmarkGoogle Scholar
  28. Rabello LSA (2010) Saúde pública e o campo da Promoção da Saúde. In: Promoção da Saúde: a construção social de um conceito em perspectiva comparada. Editora Fiocruz, Rio de JaneiroCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Rabelo J, Furquim G, Santos M, Cássia R (2000) A construção de cidades saudáveis; uma estratégia viável para a melhoria da qualidade de vida? Cien Saude Colet 5(1):53–62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Raphael D (1999) Health effects of economic inequality. Can Rev Soc Policy 44:25–40Google Scholar
  31. Sabatier PA (1993) Policy change over a decade or more. In: Sabatier PA, Jenkins-Smith HC (eds) Policy change and learning: an advocacy coalition approach. Westview Press, BoulderGoogle Scholar
  32. Sackett DL, Rosenberg W, Gray J, Haynes R, Richardson W (1996) Evidence-based medicine: what it is and what it isn’t. Br Med J 312:71–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Seedhouse D (1997) Health promotion: philosophy, prejudice and practice. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  34. Shiva V (2005) Earth democracy: justice, sustainability, and peace. Zed Books Ltd, LondonGoogle Scholar
  35. Tsouros A (2013) City leadership for health and well-being: back to the future. J Urban Health 90(1):4–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. UN (2015) Transforming our world: the 2030 agenda for sustainable development. United Nations. 2015. Available in:
  37. UN (2016) The sustainable development goals report. New York. Available in:
  38. Vasconcelos KEL, Schmaller VPV (2014) Promoção da Saúde: Polissemias conceituais e ideopolíticas. In: Costa MDH (ed) Por uma crítica da Promoção da Saúde: contradições e potencialidade no contexto do SUS. Hucitec, CampinasGoogle Scholar
  39. Westphal MF (2000) O Movimento Cidades/Municípios Saudáveis: um compromisso com a qualidade de vida. Cien Saude Colet 5(1):39–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Westphal MF, Franceschini MC, Setti AFF (2017) How can the healthy municipalities, cities and communities strategy advance the sustainable development goals agenda? Lessons from agenda 21 and the MDGs in Brazil. In: Azeiteiro UM, Akerman M, Leal Filho W, Setti AFF, Brandli LL (eds) Lifelong learning and education in healthy and sustainable cities, vol 1. Springer International Publishing, Hamburg, pp 265–282Google Scholar
  41. WHO (1986) The Ottawa charter for health promotion. Disponível em:
  42. WHO (1988) Second International Conference on Health Promotion. Adelaide Recommendations on Healthy Public Policy. Available in:
  43. WHO (1991) Sundsvall statement on supportive environments for health. Third International conference on Health Promotion, Sundsvall, SwedenGoogle Scholar
  44. WHO (1997) Jakarta declaration on leading health promotion into the 21st century. Call for action. Jakarta, Indonesia. Available in:
  45. WHO (1998a) Health promotion glossary. Geneva. Available in:
  46. WHO (1998b) Division of Health Promotion, Education and Communications (HPR) Health Education and Health Promotion Unit (HEP). SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar
  47. WHO (2000) The fifth global conference on health promotion health promotion: bridging the equity gap. Mexico. Available in:
  48. WHO (2005) The 6th global conference on health promotion. OMS, Bangkok, 2005. Disponível em: Scholar
  49. WHO (2009) Nairobi call to action (Nairobi chamada à ação). OMS. 2009. Available in:
  50. WHO (2010) The Adelaide statement on health in all policies – moving towards a shared governance for health and well-being. Health Promot Int 25(2):258–260. Available in: Scholar
  51. WHO (2013) The Helsinki statement on health in all policies (Declaração de Helsinki sobre Saúde em Todas as Políticas). OMS. 2013. Disponível em:
  52. WHO (2016) Shanghai declaration on promoting health in the 2030 agenda for sustainable development. Shanghai. Available in:
  53. WHO (2017) Social determinants of health. Available at: URL:
  54. Xavier AB (2017) As Cartas das Conferências Internacionais sobre Promoção da Saúde: uma análise das tendências ídeo-políticas. Anais 7o Seminário Frente nacional contra a privatização da saúde. Maceió.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biology & Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies - CESAMUniversity of AveiroAveiroPortugal

Section editors and affiliations

  • Masoud Mozafari

There are no affiliations available