Good Health and Well-Being

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Tony Wall, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar

Health Equity and Sustainable Development Goals: Role and the Complexity

  • Livpreet Kaur DhaliwalEmail author
Living reference work entry

Over the past few decades, there have been remarkable improvements in heath states or indicators in many countries in terms of infant and maternal mortality rates and other health indicators also. Despite these general and overall improvements, there remain substantial inequalities and disparities between the countries, regions, socioeconomic groups, and also individuals. For example, many African countries are bearing burden of HIV/AIDS, and countries of former Soviet Union are also facing high mortality rates (Leon and Walt 2001). Even in rich countries as the UK, there are evidences that health disparities are widening over the past few decades (Povall et al. 2013). Alongside the intrinsic importance of health as a dimension of welfare, poor health can directly influence an individual’s opportunities – his earning capacity, educational attainments, ability to care for children, participation in community activities, and so on. This important instrumental function of health implies...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EconomicsPanjab UniversityChandigarhIndia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Giorgi Pkhakadze
    • 1
  • Monica de Andrade
  1. 1.School of Public HealthDAVID TVILDIANI MEDICAL UNIVERSITYTbilisiGeorgia