Good Health and Well-Being

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Tony Wall, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar

Environmental Health and Sustainability

  • Justin T. LawsonEmail author
Living reference work entry




The combination of external conditions that influence the life of individual organisms. The external environment comprises the non-living, abiotic components and the inter-relationships with other living, biotic components (Jones et al. 1990: 145).

Environmental health

Comprises of those aspects of human health, including quality of life, that are determined by physical, chemical, biological, social, and psychosocial factors in the environment. It also refers to the theory and practice of assessing, correcting, controlling, and preventing those factors in the environment that can potentially affect adversely the health of present and future generations (WHO 1993).


The measure of cumulative environmental influences and associated biological responses throughout the lifespan, including exposures from the environment, diet, behavior, and endogenous processes (HERC 2018: para. 3).

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Health Nature Sustainability Research Group, School of Health and Social DevelopmentDeakin UniversityMelbourneAustralia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Masoud Mozafari

There are no affiliations available