Encyclopedia of Signaling Molecules

2018 Edition
| Editors: Sangdun Choi


  • Joshua D. Brown-Clay
  • Albert J. FornaceJr.Email author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-67199-4_8

GADD45 Family Members and Synonyms

Historical Background

The first GADD45 gene, now referred to as GADD45A, was originally isolated from Chinese hamster CHO-K1 cells in 1988 as a subset of transcripts that were consistently upregulated after exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation and several other DNA-damaging agents, including the alkylating agent methyl methane sulfonate (MMS), hydrogen peroxide, and N-acetoxy-2-acetylaminofluorene (Fornace et al. 1988). They were also found to be induced by other growth cessation signals, such as medium depletion (starvation) or hydroxyurea. This subgroup of transcripts was termed gadd, for growth arrest and DNA damage inducible (Fornace et al. 1989). GADD45A, as well as another gadd gene GADD153 (CHOP, DDIT3), was particularly interesting in that it could be induced in an ATM-dependent and protein kinase...

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The authors would like to acknowledge all the scientists who contributed to characterization of the role, function, and regulation of the GADD45 genes and protein products, but whose works could not be cited due to space concerns.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biochemistry and Molecular and Cellular BiologyGeorgetown UniversityWashingtonUSA
  2. 2.Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer CenterGeorgetown UniversityWashingtonUSA