Encyclopedia of Signaling Molecules

2018 Edition
| Editors: Sangdun Choi

Rap GEF Family

  • Lawrence A. Quilliam
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-67199-4_274

Synonyms

List of Discussed GEFs

  • RapGEF1: C3G

  • RapGEF2: PDZ-GEF1, RA-GEF, CnRasGEF, KIAA0313, nRapGEP

  • RapGEF3: Epac, cAMP-GEF I

  • RapGEF4: Epac2, cAMP-GEF II

  • RapGEF5: MR-GEF, Repac, GFR, KIAA0277

  • RapGEF6: PDZ-GEF2, RA-GEF2

  • RasGRP2: CalDAG-GEF I

  • RasGRP3: GRP3, CalDAG-GEF III, KIAA0846

  • RasGEF1

  • SmgGDS: RAP1GDS1

Historical Background

GTP binding proteins are extensively used in nature to regulate biological processes. Most of these proteins act as molecular switches that transition between inactive GDP-bound and active GTP-bound conformations. The largest family of GDP/GTP switches is the Ras superfamily of small-molecular-weight GTP-binding proteins that constitute approximately 150 members in mammalian cells. This superfamily can be subdivided into Ras, Rho, Rab, Ran, and ARF families that regulate a myriad of cellular functions (Wennerberg et al. 2005). True Ras proteins play major roles in coupling cell surface receptors to intracellular signaling...

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biochemistry and Molecular BiologyIndiana University School of MedicineIndianapolisUSA