Criminal Justice System Responses to Human Trafficking

  • Amy FarrellEmail author
  • Brianne Kane
Living reference work entry


The criminalization of human trafficking has been a primary anti-trafficking response by nations around the world. Despite the promise of laws designed to promote the prosecution of human trafficking crimes, global reports indicate small numbers of prosecuted offenders. This chapter examines the numerous challenges criminal justice systems face combating human trafficking, with specific focus on the difficulties of identifying victims, investigating human trafficking crimes, supporting victims through the criminal justice system process, and prosecuting and holding offenders accountable.


Human trafficking Sex trafficking Labor trafficking Legal reform Police Prosecution 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Northeastern UniversityBostonUSA

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