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UN Palermo Trafficking Protocol Eighteen Years On: A Critique


The chapter describes the process that led to the adoption of the UN Trafficking Protocol as an instrument of transnational criminal law and comments on its most debated aspects, including the adoption of the first definition of trafficking in persons in an international treaty, the thin line separating trafficking in persons from the smuggling of migrants and the scarce measures aimed at protecting victims. The problematic aspects, loopholes, and lack of effectiveness and consistency in the UN Trafficking Protocol are discussed.


  • Trafficking in persons
  • Exploitation
  • Definition of trafficking
  • Protection of victims
  • Smuggling of migrants

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Correspondence to Silvia Scarpa .

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© 2019 The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG

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Scarpa, S. (2019). UN Palermo Trafficking Protocol Eighteen Years On: A Critique. In: Winterdyk, J., Jones, J. (eds) The Palgrave International Handbook of Human Trafficking. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.

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  • Publisher Name: Palgrave Macmillan, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-319-63192-9

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-319-63192-9

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