Intimate Partner Violence Across the Lifespan: Dyadic Theory and Risk and Protective Factors

Living reference work entry


In this chapter, theory regarding the development of intimate partner violence (IPV) and risk and protective factors for involvement in IPV are reviewed. In defining IPV, both perpetration of and victimization by acts of psychological, physical, and sexual aggression are considered, along with injuries, which are a key indicator of physical IPV. Organized within the levels of an ecological or dynamic developmental systems model, risk and protective factors are considered within the domains of (a) contextual characteristics of partners (demographic, neighborhood, community, and school factors), (b) developmental characteristics and behaviors of the partners (e.g., family, peer, psychological/behavioral, and cognitive factors), and (c) relationship influences and interactional patterns. Findings of a prior systematic review of risk factors (Capaldi DM, Knoble NB, Shortt JW, Kim HK, Partner Abuse 3:231–280, 2012) are summarized and extended by considering findings of recent reviews and empirical studies. Recommendations for prevention and intervention based on the review findings are presented.


Intimate partner violence Risk factors Adolescent Young adults Developmental Theoretical approaches 


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Oregon Social Learning CenterEugeneUSA
  2. 2.T. Denny Sanford School of Social and Family DynamicsArizona State UniversityPhoenixUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Glenna Tinney
    • 1
  • Shelly M. Wagers
    • 2
  • Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling
    • 3
  1. 1.ConsultantAlexandriaUSA
  2. 2.College of Arts and Sciences - Society, Culture, and LanguageUniversity of South Florida - St. PetersburgSt. PetersburgUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyUniversity of South AlabamaMobileUSA

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