Christian Workplace Spiritual Intelligence: A Preliminary Analysis

  • Gary E. Roberts
  • Diane Hess-Hernandez
Living reference work entry


Christian workplace spiritual intelligence (CWSI) is the integration and application of Christian principles in the decision-making process. This chapter illustrates key elements of CWSI (identifying and managing character strengths and weaknesses, overcoming negative emotions, servant leadership, managing difficult people, and overcoming temptation, among others) through a content analysis of 100-plus interviews of Christians in the workplace supported by quotes and critical incident application examples from the respondents. The interview process generated strong affective responses illustrating the importance of spirituality in the lives of the respondents. Those with high-level CWSI demonstrated a high degree of intentionality in applying and committing to biblical principles in the workplace. Most interviewees seem to be at the Practice/Behavior stage of CWSI and remaining steady. A few were mature to practice more heart-integrated CWSI and possess the ability to use wisdom at a higher-level order of thinking.

In conclusion, one of the key recommendations is to develop a systematic education and training program in the area of CWSI. This would include a variety of training and education methods that incorporate a variety of learning styles and methods. For workplace believers, this will entail a combination of critically reflective learning processes including the completion of a CWSI self-diagnostic inventory, journaling, 360-degree peer assessments, mentor programs, and group accountability/support programs. The more effective integration of spiritual intelligence will generate a host of benefits including higher levels of workplace effectiveness and elevated mental and physical health outcomes.


Spiritual intelligence Emotional intelligence Servant leadership Moral intelligence Ethical leadership Leadership effectiveness Global leadership Christian leadership 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Robertson School of GovernmentRegent UniversityVirginia BeachUSA

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