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Management of Municipal Solid Waste in Morocco: The Size Effect in the Distribution of Combustible Components and Evaluation of the Fuel Fractions

  • A. Ouigmane
  • O. Boudouch
  • A. Hasib
  • M. Berkani
Living reference work entry

Abstract

The management of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) is an obstacle in several local communities, seen the socioeconomic and environmental impacts that may be related to this sector. Waste generation is usually related to changing demographic figures and the improvement of living standards. The aim of this study is to search the problems of waste management in the region of Beni Mellal-Khenifra located in Morocco and to initiate a feasibility study in order to produce a Solid Recovery Fuel (SRF) from MSW.

The generation of MSW in Morocco is in continuous evolution with an annual production of 5.3 million tons in urban areas (0.76 kg per capita per day) and 1.47 million tons in rural areas (0.28 Kg per capita per day). The waste management mode practiced in Morocco is disposal in controlled or noncontrolled landfill. In order to resolve problems associated with the landfilling impacts, efforts must be made to look for valorization solutions adopted for the Moroccan context. This chapter aims to initiate a study on combustible fractions in MSW to encourage investment in the SRF production which has shown benefits in developed countries. We have carried out a characterization of Beni Mellal city waste according to the MODECOM method in order to identify the effect of the particle size distribution on repartition of fuels fractions in urban waste in Morocco. The results we found show that the size less than 80 mm contains a lot of fermentable materials and that the combustible parts have almost the same distribution for size between 80 and 250 mm and more than 250 mm with abundance of PLDE, textiles, and baby diapers.

Keywords

Municipal solid waste Environmental impacts Landfill Solid recovery fuels MODECOM Fuel fractions 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Ouigmane
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • O. Boudouch
    • 3
  • A. Hasib
    • 2
  • M. Berkani
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Spectro-Chemistry Applied and EnvironmentUniversity Sultan MoulaySlimaneBeniMellalMorocco
  2. 2.Laboratory of Environment and Valorization d of Agro-ResourcesUniversity Sultan MoulaySlimaneBeniMellalMorocco
  3. 3.Transdisciplinary Team of Analytical Sciences for Sustainable DevelopmentUniversity Sultan MoulaySlimaneBeniMellalMorocco

Section editors and affiliations

  • Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and Environmental SciencesNew Jersey Institute of TechnologyNewarkUSA

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