Scenario of Landfilling in India: Problems, Challenges, and Recommendations

Living reference work entry


Landfilling is one of the major municipal solid waste (MSW) disposal methods practiced worldwide. Though it is considered most cost-effective means of waste disposal, but poor management practices specially in developing countries like India are the major causes of environmental pollution. Recently several studies have been carried out to understand the effects of landfill pollution on human health as well on the environment. Toxic gas emissions from landfills pose a serious threat to the environment as well as on human health. Some studies have shown that toxic gases released from landfill sites are even responsible for lung and heart diseases in humans. Landfills also generate a toxic soup known as leachate, formed when waste is subjected to biological and physiochemical transformation. Leachate is highly toxic and causes land and groundwater pollution. This chapter aims to address the problems, both environmental and toxicological, associated with the landfills, the challenges faced in the current scenario, and the possible measures that can be taken to deal with the problem of municipal solid waste management successfully.


Municipal solid waste Landfill Leachate Greenhouse gases 


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Environmental SciencesJawaharlal Nehru UniversityNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Centre for Rural Development and TechnologyIndian Institute of TechnologyNew DelhiIndia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Chemistry and EVSCNew Jersey Institute of TechnologyNewarkUSA

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