Water Balance Models in Environmental Modeling

  • Khodayar Abdollahi
  • Alireza Bazargan
  • Gordon McKay
Living reference work entry


Since many complex environmental problems are linked to the hydrologic cycle, a better understanding of water balance can help us take more effective decisions for environmental challenges. A model is a tool that artfully combines available observations with our fundamental knowledge to describe the behavior of the system through implementation of scientific methods. Water balance models describe computational aspects of water movement through the water cycle. In environmental problems, our datasets are not complete, however recent advances in water balance modelling provides improved capabilities to conceptualize the hydrological system as an underlying infrastructure for environmental modeling. These developments have coincided with advances in geographic information system and further public availability of remotely sensed data. Recent freely available spatial datasets are considered a fortunate event for environmental modelers. This chapter and the sections herein are designed to outline the current modern view of water balance modelling. In addition to the general concepts about water balance modelling, this chapter explains how water balance models can be used for environmental modelling.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Khodayar Abdollahi
    • 1
  • Alireza Bazargan
    • 2
  • Gordon McKay
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Engineering Measures for Nature Development, Faculty of Natural Resources and Earth SciencesShahrekord UniversityShahrekord CityIran
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringK.N. Toosi University of TechnologyTehranIran
  3. 3.Division of Sustainability, College of Science and EngineeringHamad Bin Khalifa UniversityDohaQatar

Section editors and affiliations

  • Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and Environmental SciencesNew Jersey Institute of TechnologyNewarkUSA

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