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Robots at Work: Automatable and Non-automatable Jobs


This chapter builds on Autor and Dorn’s (Am Econ Rev 103(5):1553–1597, 2013) classification of automatable work at the three-digit occupation code level to identify additional jobs that will be automatable over the next decade by drawing on patent data. Based on this new classification, the chapter provides estimates of the share of jobs that are expected to be automatable in the EU and across 25 individual countries. The chapter highlights that aspects of 47% of jobs will be automatable over the next decade, with 35% of all jobs being fully automatable. It also provides some evidence that “thinking” and “people” skills will become increasingly important for the fourth industrial revolution. The chapter puts emphasis on the fact that these estimates are based on static models. Assuming that some of the rents from labor technology will filter back into the economy, it is expected that other occupations will expand in number as people consume more goods and services.

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Correspondence to Grace Lordan .

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Josten, C., Lordan, G. (2020). Robots at Work: Automatable and Non-automatable Jobs. In: Zimmermann, K. (eds) Handbook of Labor, Human Resources and Population Economics. Springer, Cham.

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