Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

Living Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Brainstem Glioma

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56782-2_95-3

Synonyms

Definition

Brainstem gliomas are highly aggressive tumors of the central nervous system occurring more frequently in children than in adults (Fig. 1). This type of tumors often originates from the left side and typically involves one of three anatomical locations within the brainstem. Pontine brainstem gliomas are associated with the poorest prognosis for survival, while tectal and cervicomedullary gliomas are associated with longer survival. Tectal brainstem gliomas are often associated with hydrocephalus as a result of compression of the fourth ventricle. Typical manifestations of cervicomedullary tumors include dysphagia, unsteadiness, nasal speech, and sensory loss in the face. Pontine brainstem gliomas are associated with cranial nerve or long tract symptoms, including problems with the control of facial muscles, ocular movements, and swallowing. Diffuse brainstem gliomas, once thought to be a single entity, are now thought to comprise a...
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References and Readings

  1. Albright, L., Pollack, I., Adelson, P., Humphreys, R., George, T., Painter, M., et al. (2007). Principles and practice of pediatric neurosurgery (2nd ed.). New York: Thieme.Google Scholar
  2. Donaldson, S., Laningham, F., & Fisher, P. (2006). Advances toward an understanding of brainstem gliomas. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 24(8), 1266–1272.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyDrexel UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA