Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

Living Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Stuttering, Acquired

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56782-2_881-3

Synonyms

Definition

Acquired stuttering is a general term referring to a type of fluency impairment that arises following a specific causal event such as stroke, head trauma, neurodegenerative disease, introduction of a pharmacological agent, or significant psycho-emotional stress. Behavioral symptoms include excessive production of part- and whole-word repetitions and, less often, prolongation of speech sounds. These disfluencies are generally similar in form to those seen in developmental stuttering. Individual disfluency profiles vary widely, however, and may include cases with profound fluency impairment and behaviors not typically observed in developmental stuttering, such as stuttering while singing.

Current Knowledge

General Characteristics

Acquired stuttering is less common than developmental stuttering (Bloodstein and Bernstein Ratner 2008). Excessive repetition of sounds,...

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References and Readings

  1. Bloodstein, O., & Bernstein Ratner, N. (2008). A handbook on stuttering (6th ed.). Clifton Park: Delmar Learning.Google Scholar
  2. De Nil, L. F., Jokel, R., & Rochon, E. (2007). Etiology, symptomatology, and treatment of neurogenic stuttering. In E. G. Conture & R. F. Curlee (Eds.), Stuttering and related disorders of fluency (3rd ed., pp. 326–343). New York: Thieme Medical Publishers.Google Scholar
  3. Logan, K. J. (2015). Fluency disorders. San Diego: Plural Publishing.Google Scholar
  4. Saxon, K. G., & Ludlow, C. L. (2007). A critical review of the effect of drugs on stuttering. In E. G. Conture & R. F. Curlee (Eds.), Stuttering and related disorders of fluency (3rd ed., pp. 277–293). New York: Thieme Medical Publishers.Google Scholar
  5. Theys, C., van Wieringen, A., & De Nil, L. F. (2008). A clinician survey of speech and non-speech characteristics of neurogenic stuttering. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 33, 1–23.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Theys, C., van Wieringen, A., Sunaert, S. S., Thijs, V. V., & De Nil, L. F. (2011). A one-year prospective study of neurogenic stuttering following stroke: Incidence and co-occurring disorders. Journal of Communication Disorders, 44, 678–687.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Speech, Language, & Hearing SciencesUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA