Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

Living Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Quantitative Encephalography

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56782-2_65-4

Definition

Quantitative EEG refers to the transformation of a particular EEG feature into a numerical value and compares it to a paired locus of recording. This technique incorporates more electrodes than traditional EEG to allow for more comprehensive representation of brain electrical activity.

Current Knowledge

With the use of spectral analysis and evoked potentials, certain clinical conditions may be identified, providing more sensitivity than traditional EEG. The output of quantitative EEG is a topographic, color-coded display of relative EEG activity. Quantitative EEG may have a role in measurement of pharmacologic effectiveness in psychiatric treatment as well as prognostication in coma and minimally conscious states. Quantitative EEG also forms the basis for the rehabilitation intervention of neurofeedback or EEG biofeedback. Individuals are theoretically taught to modify, through the use of computerized feedback, the electrical activity of their own brains. As in other...

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Further Readings

  1. Ayaz, S. I., Thomas, C., Kulek, A., Tolomello, R., Mika, V., Robinson, D., Medado, P., Pearson, C., Prichep, L. S., & O’Neil, B. J. (2015). Comparison of quantitative EEG to current clinical decision rules for head CT use in acute mild traumatic brain injury in the ED. The American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 33, 493–496.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Coburn, K. L., Lauterbach, E. C., Boutros, N. N., Black, K. J., Arciniegas, D. B., & Coffey, C. E. (2006). The value of quantitative electroencephalography in clinical psychiatry: A report by the committee on research of the American neuropsychiatric association. The Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 18, 460–500.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Greco, A., Carboncini, M. C., Virgillito, A., Lanata, A., Valenza, G., & Scilingo, E. P. (2013). Quantitative EEG analysis in minimally conscious state patients during postural changes. Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2013, 6313–6316.Google Scholar
  4. Haneff, Z., Levin, H. S., Frost, J. D., & Mizrahi, E. M. (2013). Electroencephalography and quantitative electroencephalography in mild traumatic brain injury. Journal of Neurotrauma, 30, 653–656.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. John, E. R., & Prichep, L. S. (2006). The relevance of QEEG to the evaluation of behavioral disorders and pharmacological interventions. Clinical EEG and Neuroscience, 37, 135–143.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Prichep, L. S., Naunheim, R., Bazarian, J., Mould, W. A., & Hanley, D. (2015). Identification of hematomas in mild traumatic brain injury using an index of quantitative brain electrical activity. Journal of Neurotrauma, 32, 17–22.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. Rapp, P. E., Keyser, D. O., Albano, A., Hernandez, R., Gibson, D. B., Zambon, R. A., Hairston, W. D., Hughes, J. D., Krystal, A., & Nichols, A. S. (2015). Traumatic brain injury detection using electrophysiological methods. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 9, 11.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  8. Schmitt, S., & Dichter, M. A. (2015). Electrophysiologic recordings in traumatic brain injury. Handbook of Clinical Neurology, 127, 319–339.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Surmeli, T., Eralp, E., Mustafazade, I., Kos, I.H., Ozer, G.E., & Surmeli, O.H. (2016) Quantitative EEG neurometric analysis-guided neurofeedback treatment in postconcussion syndrome (PCS): Forty cases. How is neurometric analysis important for the treatment of PCS and as a biomarker?. Clinical EEG and Neuroscience.Google Scholar
  10. Zubler, F., Koenig, C., Steimer, A., Jakob, S. M., Schindler, K. A., & Gast, H. (2015). Prognostic and diagnostic value of EEG signal coupling measures in coma. Clinical Neurophysiology, 8, 22–26.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Barrow Neurological InstitutePhoenixUSA