Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

Living Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Guillain-Barré Syndrome

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56782-2_554-3

Synonyms

Short Description or Definition

Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is a monophasic illness of immune etiology that presents as an evolving sensorimotor polyneuropathy of varying severity as a result of an inflammation of the peripheral nerves and nerve roots. GBS is a major cause of acute ascending neuromuscular paralysis and is often associated with autonomic dysfunction.

Categorization

GBS is recognized as a heterogeneous syndrome with several variant forms (see Table 1). The commonest type of GBS is AIDP. Axonal subtypes include acute motor axonal neuropathy and acute motor and sensory axonal neuropathy. Variants include Miller Fisher syndrome (cranial nerve involvement, ataxia) and acute pan-dysautonomia.
Table 1

Frequency of features and clinical variants of acute...

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References and Readings

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MedicineUniversity of Melbourne and the Royal Melbourne HospitalParkvilleAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Rehabilitation MedicineRoyal Melbourne HospitalParkvilleAustralia