Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

Living Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Multiple Chemical Sensitivity

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56782-2_543-4



Multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) is a syndrome in which multiple disabling symptoms are reportedly precipitated and then exacerbated in response to low-level chemical exposures (generally considered safe) in the absence of a sufficient medical explanation. Problematic chemical substances frequently include petroleum products, synthetics, and food additives (Table 1). Common symptoms of MCS include headache, shortness of breath, dizziness, weakness, pain in joints, muscles, back, or abdomen, neuropsychological problems, fatigue, congestion, sore throat, nausea, and vomiting. A group of core symptoms that are universal among all individuals with MCS has not been found.
Table 1


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of North Carolina at CharlotteCharlotteUSA