Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is the presence of pulmonary edema in the absence of volume overload or depressed left ventricular function and is characterized by the development of sudden breathlessness within hours to days of an inciting event. ARDS is not a specific disease; instead, it is a type of severe, acute lung dysfunction that is associated with a variety of diseases and trauma.
In the past, ARDS signified adult respiratory distress syndrome to separate this from infant respiratory distress syndrome seen in premature infants. However, this type of pulmonary edema can also occur in children, so ARDS has gradually evolved to mean acute rather than adult.
ARDS typically develops within 12–48 h after the inciting event, although, in rare instances, it may take up to a few days. Persons developing ARDS are critically ill, often with...
References and Readings
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