Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

Living Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Intracerebral Hemorrhage

  • Elliot Roth
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56782-2_2183-2

Synonyms

Definition

An intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) – bleeding into the brain – can result from trauma but more commonly results spontaneously when the wall of a blood vessel in the brain bursts, allowing blood to leak into the tissue of the brain, producing a type of stroke.

Current Knowledge

The sudden appearance of blood in the brain can be irritating or toxic to brain cells, and the increase in intracranial pressure causes additional brain damage. Although ICH usually occurs in the basal ganglia, brainstem, and cerebellum, it also can involve the cerebral hemispheres and cortex. Intracerebral hemorrhages account for an estimated 10–15% of all strokes. It occurs at all ages, but it tends to affect younger people more commonly than do ischemic strokes, and its incidence among African-Americans is double than that of other racial groups. ICH is most frequently caused by sudden episodes of extreme...

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References

  1. Cai, X., & Rosand, J. (2015). The evaluation and management of adult intracerebral hemorrhage. Seminars in Neurology, 35, 638–645.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  3. Hemphill, J. C., III, Greenberg, S. M., Anderson, C. S., et al. (2015). Guidelines for the management of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage. A guideline for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke, 46, 2032–2060.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. van Asch, C. J., Luitse, M. J., Rinkel, G. J., et al. (2010). Incidence, case fatality, and functional outcome of intracerebral haemorrhage over time, according to age, sex, and ethnic origin: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Neurology, 9, 167–176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Feinberg School of Medicine, Physical Medicine and RehabilitationNorthwestern UniversityChicagoUSA