Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

Living Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Angioplasty

  • Elliot J. Roth
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56782-2_2152-2

Synonyms

Definition

Angioplasty is a minimally invasive (nonsurgical) percutaneously performed clinical procedure used to dilate blood vessels narrowed or blocked by atherosclerosis. Historically, angioplasty was performed most commonly on the coronary arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle. However, recent evidence indicates its effectiveness in improving cerebral circulation in patients with acute stroke. Angioplasty may be used to treat coronary artery disease, which often presents with persistent angina (chest pain) or a myocardial infarction (heart attack), cerebrovascular disease causing stroke or transient ischemic attacks, renal artery stenosis causing kidney dysfunction, and peripheral artery disease, usually in the blood vessel of the leg. During angioplasty, a stent is placed in the vessel to keep the...

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References

  1. Levine, G. N., Bates, E. R., Blankenship, J. C., Bailey, S. R., Bittl, J. A., Cercek, B., Chambers, C. E., Ellis, S. G., Guyton, R. A., Hollenberg, S. M., Khot, U. N., Lange, R. A., Mauri, L., Mehran, R., Moussa, I. D., Mukherjee, D., Nallamothu, B. K., & Ting, H. H. (2011). ACCF/AHA/SCAI guideline for percutaneous coronary intervention: A report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions. Circulation, 124, 2574–2609.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Physical Medicine and RehabilitationChicagoUSA