Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

Living Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Ruff-Light Trail Learning Test

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56782-2_2146-2

Synonyms

Description

Analogous to verbal learning tests, the Ruff Light Trail Learning Test (RULIT) assesses visuospatial learning. The RULIT was specifically designed to avoid confounds that are common in patients with neurological disorders. Thus, the test can be administered without the prerequisites of preserved drawing skills, good eyesight, good motor control, and intact visuospatial integration skills. The participant is asked to learn a specific 15-step pathway within a complex configuration of circles interconnected by lines. After each step, feedback is provided to facilitate learning. Analogous to verbal learning tests, multiple trials are provided. The test is completed if the participant can master the pathway without mistakes in two consecutive trials or until ten attempts have been completed. The long-term recall is established by having the participant recall the pathway after an hour delay. An alternate version of this test is available. In both versions, the...

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References

  1. Allen, C. C., & Ruff, R. M. (1999). Factorial validation of the Ruff-Light Trail Learning Test. Assessment, 6, 43–50.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Allen, C. C., & Ruff, R. M. (2007). Differential impairments of patients with right versus left hemisphere lesions on the Ruff-Light Trail Learning Test. Applied Neuropsychology, 14(3), 141–146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Mahalick, D. M., Ruff, R. M., & Sang, H. S. (1991). Neuropsychological sequelae of artieriovenous malformation. Neurosurgery, 29, 351–357.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Ruff, R. M., & Allen, C. C. (1999). Ruff-Light Trail Learning Test: Professional manual. Odessa: Psychological Assessment Resources.Google Scholar
  5. Ruff, R. M., Light, R., & Parker, S. (1996). Visuospatial learning: Ruff-Light Trail Learning Test. Archives of Neuropsychology, 11, 313–327.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Strauss, E., Sherman, E., & Spreen, O. (2006). A compendium of neuropsychological tests (3rd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.San Francisco Clinical NeurosciencesUniversity of California San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA