Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

Living Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Sickness Impact Profile

  • Tamara Bushnik
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56782-2_1833-2



The Sickness Impact Profile (SIP) was designed to measure perceived health status and to be used as an outcome measure for evaluation, program planning, and policy formation related to health care (Bergner et al. 1976; 1981). It was intended to be sensitive to changes and/or differences in health status and to be applicable across a broad range of types and severities of illness, as well as different demographic and cultural groups. The final form of the original SIP, published in 1981, contains 136 items concerning 12 areas of activity: sleep and rest, eating, work, home management, recreation and pastimes, ambulation, mobility, body care and movement, social interaction, alertness behavior, emotional behavior, and communication. In 1994, a shorter version of the SIP, the SIP-68, was created and evaluated; this version contained 68 items in six areas of activity: somatic autonomy, mobility control, psychological autonomy and communication, social...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References and Readings

  1. Andresen, E. M., & Meyers, A. R. (2000). Health-related quality of life outcomes measures. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 81(Suppl. 2), S30–S45.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bergner, M., Bobbitt, R. A., Pollard, W. E., Martin, D. P., & Gilson, B. S. (1976). The sickness impact profile: Validation of a health status measure. Medical Care, 14, 57–67.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Bergner, M., Bobbitt, R. A., Carter, W. B., & Gilson, B. S. (1981). The sickness impact profile: Development and final revision of a health status measure. Medical Care, 19, 787–805.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. de Bruin, A. F., Buys, M., de Witte, L. P., & Diederiks, J. P. M. (1994). The sickness impact profile: SIP68, a short generic version. First evaluation of the reliability and reproducibility. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 47, 863–871.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. McEntee, M. L., Vowles, K. E., & McCraken, L. M. (2016). Development of a chronic pain-specific version of the sickness impact profile. Health Psychology, 35, 228–237.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Nanda, U., McLendon, P. M., Andresen, E. M., & Armbrecht, E. (2003). The SIP68: An abbreviated sickness impact profile for disability outcomes research. Quality of Life Research, 12, 583–595.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Director of Inter-Hospital Research & Knowledge TranslationRusk RehabilitationNew YorkUSA