Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

Living Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Alzheimer’s Disease Cooperative Study ADL Scale

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56782-2_1791-2



The ADCS-ADL assesses the competence of patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) in basic and instrumental activities of daily living (ADLs). It can be completed by a caregiver in questionnaire format or administered by a clinician/researcher as a structured interview with a caregiver. All responses should relate to the 4 weeks prior to the time of rating. The six basic ADL items each take an ADL (e.g., eating) and provide descriptions of level of competence, with the rater selecting the most appropriate option (e.g., ate without physical help and used a knife, used a fork or spoon but not a knife, used fingers to eat, was usually fed by someone else). The 16 instrumental ADL items follow the format “In the past 4 weeks, did s/he use the telephone,” with the response options of yes/no/don’t...

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References and Readings

  1. Galasko, D., Bennett, D., Sano, M., Ernesto, C., Thomas, R., Grundman, M., et al. (1997). An inventory to assess activities of daily living for clinical trials in Alzheimer’s disease. The Alzheimer’s disease cooperative study. Alzheimer’s Disease and Associated Disorders, 11(S2), S33–S39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Galasko, D., Schmitt, F., Thomas, R., Jin, S., Bennett, D., & Ferris, S. (2005). Detailed assessment of activities of daily living in moderate to severe Alzheimer’s disease. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 11, 446–453.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Pedrosa, H., De Sa, A., Guerreiro, M., Maroco, J., Simoes, M. R., Galasko, D., & de Mendonca, A. (2010). Functional evaluation distinguishes MCI patients from healthy elderly people – The ADCS/MCI/ADL scale. The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, 14, 703–709.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Perneczky, R., Pohl, C., Sorg, C., Hartmann, J., Komossa, K., Alexopoulos, P., et al. (2006). Complex activities of daily living in mild cognitive impairment: Conceptual and diagnostic issues. Age and Ageing, 35, 240–245.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences UnitCambridgeUK