Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

Living Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Autoreceptor

  • Maya Balamane
  • Beth Kuczynski
  • Stephanie A. Kolakowsky-Hayner
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56782-2_1731-2

Synonyms

Definition

An autoreceptor is a receptor located on the neuron (terminals, soma, and/or dendrites), and the function is to bind a specific ligand (such as neurotransmitters or hormones) released by that same neuron. The autoreceptor is mainly used as a feedback mechanism to monitor neurotransmitter synthesis and/or release. In most cases, a negative feedback happens, inhibiting the release of the neurotransmitter. Dopaminergic neurons can have autoreceptors that regulate the release of dopamine. Autoreceptor regulation is very effective in modulating neurotransmission and is of interest for pharmacological intervention.

Cross-References

References and Readings

  1. Carey, R., DePalma, G., Damianopoulos, E., Müller, C., & Huston, J. (2004). The 5-HT1A receptor and behavioral stimulation in the rat: Effects of 8-OHDPAT on spontaneous and cocaine-induced behavior. Psychopharmacology, 177(1/2), 46–54. doi: 10.1007/s00213-004-1917-4.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Meltzer, H. (1980). Relevance of dopamine autoreceptors for psychiatry: Preclinical and clinical studies. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 6(3), 456–475.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Schilcker, E., & Feuerstein, F. (2016). Human presynaptic receptors. Pharmacology and Therapeutics. doi: 10.1016/j.pharmthera.2016.11.005. (in press).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maya Balamane
    • 1
  • Beth Kuczynski
    • 2
  • Stephanie A. Kolakowsky-Hayner
    • 3
  1. 1.Mount Sinai Brain Injury Research CenterSan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.Imaging of Dementia & Aging (IDeA) Laboratory, Department of Neurology & Center for NeuroscienceUniversity of CaliforniaDavisUSA
  3. 3.Stanford Concussion and Brain Performance CenterPalo AltoUSA