Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

Living Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Behavioral Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56782-2_166-2

Synonyms

Description

The BADS (Wilson et al. 1996) is a test battery aimed at predicting everyday difficulties that arise as a result of the Dysexecutive Syndrome (DES). It consists of six subtests and a 20-item questionnaire that tap executive functioning in an ecologically valid way. The subtests are as follows: The Rule Shift Cards Test is a measure of cognitive flexibility that consists of 21 spiral-bound cards that are used to assess the individual’s ability to respond correctly to a rule and to shift from one rule to another. It is scored based on the time taken and number of errors made. In the first part, the individual is asked to respond “Yes” to a red card and “No” to a black card. This component establishes a pattern of behavior that is geared to increase the probability of perseverative errors in the second part, when the rules are changed. In the second part, the individual is asked to respond “Yes” if the card just turned over is the same color as a previously...

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Further Reading

  1. Baba, K., Baba, H., Noguchi, I., Arai, R., Suzuki, T., & Mimura, M. (2010). Executive dysfunction in remitted late-life depression: Juntendo University mood disorder projects (JUMP). The Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 22, 70–74.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Baddeley, A. D. (1986). Working memory. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  3. Bennett, P. C., Ong, B., & Ponsford, J. (2005). Assessment of executive dysfunction following traumatic brain injury: Comparison of the BADS with other clinical neuropsychological measures. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 11, 606–613.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Canali, F., Brucki, S. M. D., Bertolucci, P. H. F., & Bueno, O. F. A. (2011). Reliability study of the behavioral assessment of the dysexecutive syndrome adapted for a Brazilian sample of older-adult controls and probable early Alzheimer’s disease patients. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria, 33, 338–346.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Katz, N., Tadmor, I., Felzen, B., & Hartman-Maeir, A. (2007). The behavioural assessment of the dysexecutive syndrome (BADS) in schizophrenia and its relation to functional outcomes. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 17, 192–205.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Krabbendam, L., de Vugt, M. E., Derix, M. M. A., & Jolles, J. (1999). The behavioural assessment of the dysexecutive syndrome as a tool to assess executive functions in schizophrenia. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 13, 370–375.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Nelson, H. E. (1976). A modified card sorting test sensitive to frontal lobe defects. Cortex, 12, 313–324.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Rylander, G. (1939). Personality changes after operation on the frontal lobes. Acta Psychiatrica Neurologica, (30).Google Scholar
  9. Shallice, T. (1982). Specific impairments of planning. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences298, 199-209.Google Scholar
  10. Shallice, T., & Burgess, P. (1991). Deficits in strategy application following frontal lobe damage in man. Brain, 114, 727–741.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Verdejo-Garcia, A., & Perez-Garcia, M. (2007). Ecological assessment of executive functions in substance dependent individuals. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 90, 48–55.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Wilson, B. A., Alderman, N., Burgess, P. W., Emslie, H., & Evans, J. J. (1996). Behavioural assessment of the dysexecutive syndrome. London: Harcourt Assessment.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Advanced Psychological Assessment P. C.SmithtownUSA