Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

Living Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Behavioral Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome

  • Shahal Rozenblatt
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56782-2_166-2



The BADS (Wilson et al. 1996) is a test battery aimed at predicting everyday difficulties that arise as a result of the Dysexecutive Syndrome (DES). It consists of six subtests and a 20-item questionnaire that tap executive functioning in an ecologically valid way. The subtests are as follows: The Rule Shift Cards Test is a measure of cognitive flexibility that consists of 21 spiral-bound cards that are used to assess the individual’s ability to respond correctly to a rule and to shift from one rule to another. It is scored based on the time taken and number of errors made. In the first part, the individual is asked to respond “Yes” to a red card and “No” to a black card. This component establishes a pattern of behavior that is geared to increase the probability of perseverative errors in the second part, when the rules are changed. In the second part, the individual is asked to respond “Yes” if the card just turned over is the same color as a previously...

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Further Reading

  1. Baba, K., Baba, H., Noguchi, I., Arai, R., Suzuki, T., & Mimura, M. (2010). Executive dysfunction in remitted late-life depression: Juntendo University mood disorder projects (JUMP). The Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 22, 70–74.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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  4. Canali, F., Brucki, S. M. D., Bertolucci, P. H. F., & Bueno, O. F. A. (2011). Reliability study of the behavioral assessment of the dysexecutive syndrome adapted for a Brazilian sample of older-adult controls and probable early Alzheimer’s disease patients. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria, 33, 338–346.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Advanced Psychological Assessment P. C.SmithtownUSA