Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

Living Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Lateral Geniculate Nucleus of the Thalamus

  • Andrew Preston
  • Allison S. Evans
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56782-2_1378-2

Synonyms

LGN

Structure

Anatomy and location: The lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) is a bilateral nucleus located on the caudal, inferior surface of the thalamus, lying lateral to the medial geniculate nucleus, inferior to the pulvinar and superior to the pretectal area. The LGN comprises six layers that relay information to cells in the visual cortex. The magnocellular layers (layers 1–2) send information to the area of the cortex that processes large features and motion. The parvocellular layers (layers 3–6) send information to the area of the visual cortex that processes finer details and color.

Input pathways: Visual input from retinal ganglion cells in both eyes sends information to the optic nerve, whose fibers cross at the optic chiasm and then continue in the optic tract. Fibers cross so that information from the right visual field from both eyes is sent to the left optic tract and information from the left visual field of both eyes is sent to the right optic tract. Optic tract...

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References and Readings

  1. Blumenfeld, H. (2002). Neuroanatomy through clinical cases. Sunderland: Sinauer Associates.Google Scholar
  2. Crossman, A. R., & Neary, D. (2000). Neuroanatomy (2nd ed.). Edinburgh: Churchill Livingston.Google Scholar
  3. Haines, D. E. (2000). Neuroanatomy: An atlas of structures, sections, and systems (5th ed.). Baltimore: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.Google Scholar
  4. Mendoza, J., & Foundas, A. L. (2008). Clinical neuroanatomy: A neurobehavioral approach. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  5. Purves, D., Augustine, G. J., Fitzpatrick, D., Katz, L. C., LaMantia, A., McNamara, J. O., & Williams, S. M. (2001). Neuroscience (2nd ed.). Sunderland: Sinauer Associates.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PediatricsChapel Hill Pediatric PsychologyChapel HillUSA
  2. 2.Allison Schettini Evans, PhD/Comprehensive Neuropsychological ServicesConcordUSA