Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

Living Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Amnesia

  • Ginette Lafleche
  • Mieke Verfaellie
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56782-2_1103-2

Definition

Amnesia refers to the loss of ability to recall facts, events, or concepts encountered prior to the onset of illness (retrograde amnesia) or to the loss of the ability to form new memories (anterograde amnesia), or both. Although anterograde and retrograde amnesia can each occur in isolation, they frequently appear together following a single cause. The cause is commonly an organic neurologic insult or illness, but it can also be psychogenic. Although in most organic cases the memory loss is permanent, it can also be temporary, as for example in transient global amnesia.

Cross-References

References and Readings

  1. Baddeley, A. D., Kopelman, M. D., & Wilson, A. W. (2002). The handbook of memory disorders. Chichester: Wiley.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.VA Boston Healthcare SystemMemory Disorders Research Center, Boston University School of MedicineBostonUSA