Simple Partial Seizure
A simple partial seizure (focal seizure with retained awareness/responsiveness) (The International League Against Epilepsy suggested new terminology for seizure types (Berg et al. 2010). These new terms have not yet been fully adopted but are given in parentheses.) is a type of focal seizure (a sudden burst of abnormal electrical activity from a discretely localized network limited to one hemisphere) during which the patient retains awareness. By definition, a simple partial seizure (SPS) does not produce a significant disruption of consciousness, and patients can typically recall events prior to and during the seizure. They may also be able to carry on activities not requiring mediation by the region of the brain that is producing the epileptic discharges (e.g., one from the right hemisphere of a patient with normal left-hemisphere language dominance may not disrupt speech or language). If the seizure does result in disrupted consciousness, it is...
References and Reading
- Berg, A. T., Berkovic, S. F., Brodie, M. J., Buchhalter, J., Cross, J. H., van Emde Boas, W., Engel, J., French, J., Glauser, T. A., Mathern, G. W., Moshe, S. L., Nordli, D., Plouin, P., & Scheffer, I. E. (2010). Revised terminology and concepts for organization of seizures and epilepsies: Report of the ILAE Commission on Classification and Terminology, 2005–2009. Epilepsia, 51(4), 676–685.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Wyllie, E. (Ed.). (2015). Wyllie’s treatment of epilepsy: Principles and practice (6th ed.). New York: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.Google Scholar