Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

Living Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Paroxysmal Disorder

  • Kenneth R. Perrine
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56782-2_1050-2

Definition

A paroxysmal disorder is one in which signs or symptoms develop suddenly (the derivation is from the Greek paroxysmos or paroxyno, meaning to sharpen or irritate). Paroxysms result in spasms, convulsions, or other abrupt onset of physical dysfunction. The term may include almost any bodily system and in neurology is typically used to describe seizure, migraine, or movement disorders. The signs and symptoms of a paroxysmal disorder depend entirely on the particular disorder. In epilepsy, the term is used to denote the cyclical but repetitive onset of sudden attacks, depending on the specific seizure type being described.

Cross-References

References and Readings

  1. Allan Ropper, A. H., & Samuels, M. (2014). Adams and Victor’s principles of neurology (10th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  2. Wyllie, E. (Ed.). (2015). Wyllie’s treatment of epilepsy: Principles and practice (6th ed.). New York: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Neurological SurgeryWeill Cornell MedicineNew YorkUSA