Edible Insects as Source of Proteins

  • Ewelina Zielińska
  • Monika Karaś
  • Anna Jakubczyk
  • Damian Zieliński
  • Barbara Baraniak
Living reference work entry
Part of the Reference Series in Phytochemistry book series (RSP)

Abstract

The potential of insects as a source of protein for future food and feed is the object of numerous studies. The nutritional value of edible insects is well established, and other aspects of consumption thereof are investigated. In this chapter, we aim to summarize the main features of insects as food. We briefly describe the history of the usage of insects as food for humans and refer to the current acceptance of insects by Europeans based on conducted surveys. We characterize the most common insect species with the biggest potential to be used as food and feed in the EU according to EFSA. We describe the nutritional value of insects and the possibility of application thereof in the food and feed industry, keeping in mind the safety of consumption. In addition, the ecological aspect of insect breeding is discussed. A review of the growing edible insect market in Europe and the USA is also provided. Moreover, we analyze the current legal status of insect intake in Europe. We aim to make this chapter a current conclusion about the consumption of insects.

Keywords

Entomophagy Edible insects Protein Environment Nutritive value Functional properties Insect products Bioactive peptides Preferences of consumers 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ewelina Zielińska
    • 1
  • Monika Karaś
    • 1
  • Anna Jakubczyk
    • 1
  • Damian Zieliński
    • 2
  • Barbara Baraniak
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biochemistry and Food ChemistryUniversity of Life Sciences in LublinLublinPoland
  2. 2.Department of Ethology and Animal WelfareUniversity of Life Sciences in LublinLublinPoland

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