Exploring Space and Politics with Children: A Geosocial Methodological Approach to Studying Experiential Worlds
The chapter introduces a methodological approach that the author has developed for the empirical and analytical exploration of children’s geosocial worlds. It builds on a threefold conceptual baseline: political subjectivity as a human capacity, topological polis as a relational context of living, and the political referring to subjectively experienced and socially shared, contextually forming matters of importance. These three interrelated starting points provide the theoretical ground and its methodological framework for exploring the worlds where children lead their lives, from their perspectives and with them, through spatially embedded narrations that unveil situated and contextual truths. For empirical inquiry, I have operationalized the geosocial approach into three analytical layers, focusing on social, spatial, and political relationalities. The chapter describes the methodological approach, including a theoretical introduction and a thorough explanation of the geosocial analytical means, and empirical illustrations that inform a politicized notion of childhoodnature. It concludes with recommendations for ongoing methodological inquiry into children’s social and environmental worlds and further theorization of the geosocialities of childhoodnature, as limited by the empirical contexts informing this chapter.
KeywordsGeosocial Experienced space Topology Spatial methodologies Children Relational space Political subject
- Arendt, H. (1958). The human condition. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
- Arendt, H. (2005). The promise of politics. New York, NY: Schocken Books.Google Scholar
- Bartos, A. E., & Wood, B. E. (2017). Ecological wellbeing, childhood and environmental change. In C. R. Ergler, R. Kearns, & K. Witten (Eds.), Children’s health and wellbeing in urban environments (pp. 234–246). London, England: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Benwell, M., & Hopkins, P. (Eds.). (2015). Children, young people and critical geopolitics. Farnham, UK: Ashgate.Google Scholar
- Foucault, M. (2003). Society must be defended: Lectures at the college de France, 1975–1976. New York, NY: Picador.Google Scholar
- Häkli, J. (2017). The subject of citizenship – Can there be a posthuman civil society? Political Geography. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polgeo.2017.08.006. [Early View].
- Häkli, J. (2018). Transcending scale? In G. H. Herb & D. H. Kaplan (Eds.), Scaling identities (pp. 271–282). Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.Google Scholar
- Häkli, J., & Kallio, K. P. (2018a). Theorizing children’s political agency. In S. Aitken & T. Skelton (Eds.), Theories and concepts: Establishing geographies of children and young people (Geographies of children and young people, Vol. 1 of T. Skelton (Ed.)). Singapore, Singapore: Springer. [Accepted, in process].Google Scholar
- Honneth, A. (1995). The struggle for recognition: The moral grammar of social conflicts. Cambridge, UK: Polity.Google Scholar
- James, P. (2017). Alternative paradigms for sustainability: Decentring the human without becoming Posthuman. In K. Malone, T. Gray, & S. Truong (Eds.), Reimagining sustainability education in precarious times (pp. 29–44). Singapore, Singapore: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-2550-1_3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kallio, K. P. (2012). Desubjugating childhoods by listening to the child’s voice and the childhoods at play. ACME: An International E-Journal for Critical Geographies, 11(1), 81–109.Google Scholar
- Kallio, K. P. (2014b). Intergenerational recognition as political practice. In R. Vanderbeck & N. Worth (Eds.), Intergenerational space (pp. 139–154). London, England: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Kallio, K. P. (2014c). Who is the subject of political action. ACME: An International E-Journal for Critical Geographies, 13(3), 428–433.Google Scholar
- Kallio, K. P. (2016b). Becoming geopolitical in the everyday world. In M. Benwell & P. Hopkins (Eds.), Children, young people and critical geopolitics (pp. 169–186). Aldershot, UK: Ashgate.Google Scholar
- Kallio, K. P. (2017b). Not in the same world: Topological youths, topographical policies. Geographical Review. https://doi.org/10.1111/Gere.12266. [Early View].
- Kallio, K. P. (2017c). Disqualified knowledges and theory building. Society & Space Essays and Features [published Sept 12]. http://societyandspace.org/2017/09/12/disqualified-knowledges-and-theory-building/.
- Kallio, K. P. (forthcoming). Leading refugee lives together: Familial agency as a political capacity. Emotion, Space and Society [in process].Google Scholar
- Kallio, K. P., & Häkli, J. (Eds.). (2015). The beginning of politics. London, England/New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Kallio, K. P., & Mills, S. (2016). Politics, citizenship and rights (Geographies of children and young people, Vol. 7 of T. Skelton (Ed.)). Singapore, Singapore: Springer.Google Scholar
- Korkiamäki, R., & Kallio, K. P. (2017). Experiencing and practicing inclusion through friendship. Area [Early View 15 Jun 2017].Google Scholar
- Kulusjärvi, O. (2016). Resort-oriented tourism development and local tourism networks – A case study from northern Finland. Fennia, 194(1), 3–17.Google Scholar
- Lagström, H., Pösö, T., Rutanen, N., & Vehkalahti, K. (Eds.). (2010). Lasten ja Nuorten Tutkimuksen Etiikka. Helsinki, Finland: Nuorisotutkimusseura/Nuorisotutkimusverkosto.Google Scholar
- Millei, Z. (Ed.) (2015). The cultural politics of childhood and nation: Space, mobility and a global world. Special issue, Part 2. Global Studies of Childhood, 5(1), 1–111.Google Scholar
- Rinne, E., & Kallio, K. P. (2017). Nuorten Tilallisten Mielikuvien Lähteillä. Alue & Ympäristö, 46(1), 17–31.Google Scholar
- Saarinen, J. (Ed.) (2016). Special issue on tourism and development. Fennia, 194(1), 1–88.Google Scholar
- Wood, B., & Kallio, K. P. (forthcoming). Green citizenship: Towards spatial and lived perspectives. In S. Davoudi, H. Blanco, R. Cowell, & I. White (Eds.), Routledge companion to environmental planning and sustainability. London, England: Routledge.Google Scholar